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All possible ways to make a screenshot in macOS and 5 tricks to get more out of them

All possible ways to make a screenshot in macOS and 5 tricks to get more out of them

Making a screenshot on macOS is much easier than on Windows. There is no ‘Imp’ button. Pant. ‘ on the keyboard, but we do not have to go to Paint to save the image either. Everything can be done practically with keyboard shortcuts, and there are many different options. On the other hand, thanks to different configurations in the operating system we can make the captures adapt to our workflow .

The different types of screenshot of macOS

In macOS we can make different types of screenshots. That is, they can be different areas of the screen, with different elements or screenshots of even what is not the screen.

Take a screenshot of the full screen

It is the easiest screen capture of all and the most common. This capture allows us to save an image of the entire computer screen. Simply press the keyboard combination Cmd-Shift-3. Automatically a screenshot of the entire full screen will be made and will be saved on your Desktop or where you have the default location.

CaptureCapture the full screen.

Take a screenshot of only part of the screen

We do not always want to capture the full screen, most of the time we are only interested in a small part to show a certain aspect. For this, macOS allows us to select the area that interests us by dragging the cursor. Press the keyboard combination Cmd-Shift-4, automatically the cursor will be transformed into a crosshead, drag to select the part of the screen that interests you and when you release your screenshot will be saved.

CaptureCapture a selected part of the screen.

Have not you selected correctly? Nothing happens, you can modify the selected area before releasing the cursor. Depending on the key you press while you are selecting, you will perform a different action:

  • Shift: Modify the area with horizontal or vertical limitation.
  • Option: Modify the selected area from the center to the outside.
  • Spacebar: allows you to move the selected area.

Take a screenshot of a single window

Neither the full screen nor a specific area, but a specific window. macOS allows us to take a screenshot of one of the open windows on the desktop, isolating it completely from the rest of the elements so that it is a cleaner capture of just the window or app that interests us. It’s very simple, press Cmd-Shift-4 and then the space bar . The cursor will go from a crosshead to an icon of a camera, select the window you want to capture with it and click on it. The capture will be automatically saved showing only the window you have selected and with a white / transparent and shaded background.

CaptureCapture a window with the background cleared.

This not only applies to app windows, also to the menu bar for example, or to any pop-up menu or dialog box that appears in an app. Move the cursor before clicking to highlight the area that will be captured and so you can easily know. As a final trick, if you click while holding the Option key, a white background with shading will not be applied to the screenshot.


Take a screenshot of the Touch Bar

We have already dealt with this trick in detail. With the arrival of the MacBook Pro with Touch Bar, a second screen has arrived at the computer, which can also be captured. The key combination in this case is Cmd-Shift-6 .

Take a screenshot of the lock screen

The lock screen in macOS appears before logging in or after exiting a sleep. There are few reasons to make a screenshot of this interface, but if you want to do it, it is possible. Close session or lock the screen with the shortcut Ctrl-Cmd-Q, after that press the keyboard combination Cmd-Shift-3. When you unlock the screen again, the screenshot will appear on the Desktop or our default location.

CaptureCapture the lock screen.

Take a screenshot with a timer

For this screenshot we will have to use the official Apple app to take screenshots, Snapshot. Open the Snapshot app from the Utilities folder. Once open in the menu choose Capture> Timer screen. A 10-second timer will start after which the screen capture will be performed.

Capture10 seconds timer to take a screenshot.

Take a screenshot that includes the mouse pointer

To mark an element that we want to highlight on the screen, the most logical is to use the mouse pointer. This however does not appear in the screenshots normally, but you can make it appear. In this case you have to use the Preview app. In the app’s menu, go to File> Screen capture> From the entire screen. It will start a small timer that will give you time to go to the interface you want to capture and point it with the cursor, the image will be saved with the cursor and you can edit it directly in Preview.

Capture that shows the cursor.

5 tricks to get more out of the screenshots

Those are all the ways to make a screenshot in macOS, although there are more things to take into account if you want to be an expert in the snapshots of the Apple operating system. In most of these tricks you have to use Terminal, but quiet, you do not have to be a hacker for it.

Change the default name of screenshots

‘Screenshot 2018-05-18 at 12.35.02’ is not a very nice name for an image, it is descriptive but you may want something simpler or that differentiates your captures from those of others. You can change the name by default.

  1. Open Terminal.
  2. Copy and paste the following command: defaults write com.apple.screencapture name “Applesfera”
  3. Replace what’s inside the quotes so you want it to appear.
  4. Copy and paste the following command: killall SystemUIServer

Delete the default date and time of the screenshots

The previous trick allowed us to change the name but still appears the date and time in the captures, you can get rid of it too:

  1. Open Terminal.
  2. Copy and paste the following command: defaults write com.apple.screencapture “include-date” 0
  3. Copy and paste the following command: killall SystemUIServer

If you want to include the date and time again, perform the same steps but at the end of the command change the ‘0’ to a ‘1’ . In my case I prefer to leave the date and time because it allows you to easily locate the captures if you take several and also prevents them from being numbered, since they will always have a different name.

Change the default location of the screenshots

By default the screenshots are saved in the macOS Desktop. If you do not want to collapse your desktop images , there is a Terminal command for it:

  1. Open Terminal.
  2. Copy and paste the following command: defaults write com.apple.screencapture location ~ / Documents / Screenshots
  3. Copy and paste the following command: killall SystemUIServer

In this case, the command indicates that they will be saved in the ‘Documents’ folder and inside this folder in the ‘Captures’ folder. You can create your own custom location.

Change the format of screenshots

By default, the operating system saves screenshots as PNG images. They have more quality and allow transparencies, but they also take up much more space and sometimes we just want to share something quickly. You can change the format from the Terminal to be JPEG files:

  1. Open Terminal.
  2. Copy and paste the following command: defaults write com.apple.screencapture type jpg; killall SystemUIServer

Do not you want JPEG? There are a few more options, just use one of the following commands:

  • JPEG: defaults write com.apple.screencapture type jpg; killall SystemUIServer
  • GIF: defaults write com.apple.screencapture type gif; killall SystemUIServer
  • PNG: defaults write com.apple.screencapture type png; killall SystemUIServer
  • PDF: defaults write com.apple.screencapture type PDF; killall SystemUIServer
  • TIFF: defaults write com.apple.screencapture type tiff; killall SystemUIServer

Copy the screenshot directly to the clipboard

Finally, if you are not interested in having the image stored in any location and not having a name or a date … you can store it directly in the clipboard. To do this, any of the screen capture combinations seen above, if accompanied by the Ctrl key, will be saved directly to the clipboard.

About Nick Fury

Hi, I am Nick! Apart from being a loving husband and a father of one, I dedicate myself to manage a company full time. Writing is my passion, I started writing a blog some 10 years ago, now reviving this passion again, I would love to express my views and takes on day to day stuff, hope you guys enjoy! Do share your thoughts.

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